I-bonds are issued by the U.S. Treasury. The interest rate paid by I-bonds is made up of two different components; a fixed-rate which is set by the Treasury and remains the same for the life of the bond, and a variable rate that is based on the Consumer Price Index that gets updated every 6-months. Interest earned on I-Bonds is exempt from state and local income taxes. Even though they are subject to federal income tax for the bond owner, they may be completely tax exempt if used to pay for qualified higher education expenses.
- Save in a low-risk product to protect against inflation
- Supplement retirement savings
- Give as a gift
- Tax free if used to pay for dependent’s education
- Investors are capped at purchasing up to $10,000 worth of I-bonds per year, but you can also purchase an additional $5,000 with your tax refund to make the total annual purchase $15,000.
- I-bonds are only available online by setting up an account through TreasuryDirect or in paper form using your federal income tax refund.
- I-bonds don’t pay income while you own the bond, therefore they are not recommended as an investment that provides a steady income flow. Rather, the interest accrues and gets paid out when you sell or the bond matures. Interest is calculated monthly but is compounded twice per year. You can earn interest for 30 years unless you choose to cash the I-bond before that period is up.
- Investors cannot cash in I-bonds until one year after purchase. To not lose any interest on this investment, you must hold on to the bond for a minimum of 5 years. Otherwise, you will lose the previous three months interest.
- These bonds will not appear on any financial reports from our office. Therefore, keep your account number and passwords in a safe place.
- If you do purchase I-Bonds and you are a client of the Investment Service Center, let us know. Although we cannot facilitate the purchase or redemption, our office monitors the variable rate and will send notifications as we see the rate change.
- Your purchase is a digital investment. You will not receive paper statements or documentation. It’s essential you add a record of these assets to your balance sheet and any other documentation of assets you own. If you have a safe deposit box or another safe place where you store financial documents, we encourage you to make a note of your I Bonds there.
- If you want to avoid probate, you might consider adding a joint owner or beneficiary to holdings in your account (see below).
- Although the interest on the I-Bonds is exempt from state and local taxes, federal tax treatment varies depending on who owns the bonds and how they are used. You can report interest income from your bonds in one of two ways:
- Report the interest in the year you owe it. If you start reporting bond interest every year, you must continue to do so every year after.
- Report the entire amount of interest earned when the bond matures or when you redeem it, whichever comes first.
- You will not be paid interest until the bond is cashed, even if you choose to report the interest in the year it is earned. You will only receive a 1099-INT on cashed or redeemed bonds. If you choose to report yearly, after the bond is redeemed, the 1099-INT will show all the interest earned from the date of issue, and you will need to subtract the interest you paid tax on in prior years from your taxable income.
- Purchase individually without any second owner or beneficiary.
- Purchase with someone as the beneficiary (payable on death (POD) to another individual). You can only name one beneficiary per fund purchased. If you wish to have multiple beneficiaries, you need to make individual purchases and name beneficiaries for each fund.
- Purchase with someone else as the secondary owner. If you register as joint owners, you cannot name a beneficiary. However, at the death of one of the owners, the registration can be changed to add a beneficiary. If both you and the second owner (or beneficiary) die at the same time, the I-Bonds will go to your estate.
Each ownership combination you set up in your TreasuryDirect(Opens in a new Window) account is called a registration. You can have as many registration combinations as you would like, and you can associate any one of your registrations to any bond in your account. Before making changes to a holding, you should review how they are currently set up and see which ones you need changed.
- Login to your account and click “Current Holdings” at the top. Then, scroll down to the Savings Bond section and select “Series I Savings Bond”. You will see a list of your bonds grouped by your existing registrations.
- If you need to make a change, you must create a new registration with the desired ownership combination. For example, let’s say you purchased a $10,000 bond and didn’t list a beneficiary. In such a case, only your name would appear as the registrant. Therefore, you would need to create another registration that includes both your name and your beneficiary’s name.
- To add a beneficiary, click “ManageDirect” and then under the “Manage My Account” section, select “Update my Registration List”. Select “Add a Registration”. Click “Beneficiary”. In this scenario, your personal information would be used in the “First-named registrant” section (as the owner). The “Second-Named Registrant” should be the beneficiary you’ve chosen.
- If you would like to use this new registration for all new bonds you buy in the future, check the “Make this my Preferred Registration” box at the bottom.
- When complete, select “Submit”. This new combination (your name and beneficiary name) will now be shown in your list of registrations. You only need to create a registration once. However, at this point it is not associated with any bonds yet, so you need to change the registration on your existing bonds.
Associate New Registration to Existing Bonds.
- Click on “Edit a Registration” under the “ManageDirect”
- Scroll down to the Saving Bond section and select “Series I Savings Bonds”. You will see a list of your I-Bonds. Check the box for the ones you would like to change. Choose “Select”. You will see a registration box at the bottom of the screen with a drop-down showing the various registrations you have created.
- Select the registration you want to use for this bond (in the above example, this would read as (Your Name TIN#, POD Beneficiary Name). Select “Submit”. If you’re still the primary owner, changing the registration doesn’t trigger taxes.
Yes, you can use FS Form 1851.(Opens in a new Window) (Opens in a new Window) An entity account for a trust or a business can’t have bonds with a second owner or a beneficiary. It’s important to note that a second owner or the beneficiary must be a person (it cannot be a trust or business).
To learn more details about I-bonds and to view step-by-step instructions and FAQs, you can visit TreasuryDirect.